- People with type 1 diabetes don’t make insulin, and there is no cure for the condition.
- People with type 2 diabetes make insulin – but they don’t effectively use it.
- Diabetes sufferers may be able to reverse type 2 with lifestyle changes.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are different conditions, but they present similar symptoms.
However the majority of people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed in childhood and early adulthood.
The signs of type 1 and type 2 diabetes should never be ignored.
If they are not treated, the condition can lead to serious and complex health conditions, such as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Untreated type 2 diabetes can affect the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys.
The common symptoms of diabetes include:
Going to the toilet a lot, especially at night
Excessive urination can be triggered by excess glucose in the blood which interferes with the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine.
Being really thirsty
The medical term for increased thirst is puldisia. Feeling thirsty all the time, or having a stronger thirst than usual, which continues after drinking can be a sign of diabetes
Feeling more tired than usual
Feeling tired can be a symptom of low blood sugar.
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Losing weight without trying to
Although type 2 diabetes commonly occurs in people who are overweight – undiagnosed type 1 diabetes can make people lose weight.
Being overweight can cause type 2 diabetes because the body has more pressure to use insulin properly to manage blood sugar levels.
Genital itching or thrush
Thrush is more common in people with diabetes. This is because high sugar levels can cause yeast to grow.
A dry mouth – also a symptom of the condition – can also increase the risk of the infection
Cuts and wounds take longer to heal
This occurs because diabetes can affect the immune system and put people at increased risk of infection.
Increase blood sugar levels caused by the condition can also stiffen the arteries, causing the blood vessels to narrow and prevent cuts or wounds healing properly.
Eye tests can check for symptoms of diabetes. Eye problems in diabetics occur when blood sugar levels are left untreated.
The most common condition seen in diabetes is retinopathy which is caused by high blood pressure associated with diabetes.
Factors putting people on course for type 2 diabetes include, being overweight or obese, having a close relative who has or has had diabetes, having high blood pressure or high cholesterol, being over the age of 40.
Diabetes occurs where there is too much glucose in the blood because the body cannot use it properly.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce insulin. Around one in ten people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced does not work properly and can be linked to lifestyle factors such as being overweight.